Underculture  & History From Below

My art and writing explore and provide analysis on the history, culture, and radical ideas of the under-documented and persecuted: peasants, pirates, slaves, sailors, beggars, smugglers, bandits, vagabonds, reivers, thieves, witches, artisans, religious heretics, jesters, fools, drovers, and weavers. I also apply an investigative lens on pilgrimage, carnival, and the cultural reformation. 

I attempt to gain an understanding of the effect pandemics, famines, enclosure acts, as well as sumptuary, vagrancy & labour laws, and other authoritarian reigns of terror (culminating in the 'Great Confinement') had on lower class people - their culture and communities - and how radical and heretical sects displayed various acts of resistance to counter this oppression, throughout the centuries and across the world.

Every century has eventful turning points, but the 14th century is particularly important in respect of this oppression and catastrophe in the midst of crisis and social turmoil, when the previously fractured idea of class consciousness evolved into a more solid concept, made evident by the bursts of resistance which became more frequent in following centuries, and on a more nationwide rather than provincial scale; thus becoming a significant and symbolic moment in lower class history.