Underculture & History From Below

Providing a platform for the under-documented, my art and writing explore and provide analysis on the history, culture, and radical ideas of peasants, pirates, slaves, sailors, beggars, smugglers, bandits, vagabonds, reivers, thieves, witches, artisans, religious heretics, jesters, fools, drovers, and weavers. I also apply an investigative lens on pilgrimage, carnival, and the cultural reformation. 

I attempt to gain an understanding of the effect pandemics, famines, enclosure acts, vagrancy & labour laws, and other authoritarian reigns of terror (culminating in the 'Great Confinement') had on lower class people, their culture and communities; and how radical and heretical sects displayed various acts of resistance to counter this oppression throughout the centuries and across the world.

Every century has life-changing turning points, but the 14th century is particularly important in respect of this oppression and catastrophe as it's when the previously fractured idea of class consciousness evolved into a more solid concept, made evident by the bursts of resistance which became more frequent in following centuries, and on a more nationwide rather than provincial scale, becoming a significant and symbolic moment in lower class history.